Everything you Need to Know About Blood Clots

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Up to 900,000 people develop blood clots in the United States every year, and the National Blood Clot Alliance says that while blood clots are treatable, about one in three of those diagnosed with a blood clot may die. 

According to MedicineNet, blood clots form inside veins or arteries as part of the body’s effort to repair damage to a blood vessel. But if a clot, which is a gelled mass  made of blood platelets and fibrin, forms inappropriately inside the blood vessel, it can cause major problems. When a clot forms where it’s not supposed to, blood flow is decreased, which can seriously harm your body. 

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Often the problem with blood clots is that people don’t recognize the symptoms, leading to late detection. People also don’t understand the factors that contribute to contracting blood clots. 

Blood Clot Causes

Blood clots can be caused by a myriad of health issues, conditions and lifestyle choices, according to MedicineNet and the National Blood Clot Alliance. These include:

– Heart conditions such as atrial fibrillation and heart rhythm disturbance
– Pregnancy and up to six weeks after the baby is born
– The use of birth control methods that contain estrogen, such as the pill, patch or ring
– Hormone replacement therapy that contains estrogen
– Prolonged immobilization, like sitting on a flight and not moving for a long period or sitting for a while with your legs crossed
– Major surgery, especially orthopedic procedures where casts and splints are placed and the patient is immobilized  (pelvis, abdomen, hip and knee surgeries pose high-risk factors)
– Broken bone or severe muscle injury
– Blood clot disorders, like Factor V Leiden
– Cancer and cancer treatment
– Obesity

Blood Clot Symptoms

Blood clots form in your blood vessels (known as deep vein thrombosis), but they can also break off and travel to your lungs (pulmonary embolism). Both blood clot conditions have different symptoms that are important to be aware of.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Symptoms

According to the National Blood Clot Alliance, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when blood clots form in one of the deep veins of your body, like in your legs or arms. When these blood clots form, the area usually swells and becomes tender, and the pain can be described as a cramp, muscle soreness or a charley horse. 

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The area where the DVT has formed usually distorts the skin color, turning the area a reddish or bluish color. The DTV area will also feel warm to the touch. It’s important to contact your doctor as soon as you recognize any of these symptoms because you may need treatment right away.

Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms

It’s important to catch a DVT early on because it can cause major damage, or even break off the vein and travel to your lungs. The signs of pulmonary embolism (PE), according to the National Blood Clot Alliance, are sudden shortness of breath, sharp chest pain that may feel like stabbing and get worse with deep breaths, rapid heart rate, unexplained cough — sometimes with bloody mucus.

If you have any of these symptoms, you should call 911 immediately or head to an emergency room.

Detection

According to the National Blood Clot Alliance, an ultrasound is usually used to pinpoint where the clot is in the body. If the ultrasound doesn’t show a clot, though, and the patient is still experiencing symptoms, an MRI can also be used to detect the clot. There’s also a D-dimer test, which tests the blood for the clues that the clotting process has begun.

Treatment

MedicineNet reports that depending upon the location of the blood clot and its cause, treatment may require surgery for its removal. Blood clots can also be treated with anticoagulation medications, which thin the blood. Treatment may include a combination of the two.

Prevention

Blood clot prevention heavily relies on paying attention to the risk factors, which include risks of vascular disease, smoking, heavy weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, according to MedicineNet.

The National Blood Clot Alliance also notes the importance of knowing your personal risk factors, like family blood clot history, and being able to recognize the signs and symptoms of blood clots. 

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Another prevention method suggested by the National Blood Clot Alliance is getting up and moving if you’ve been sitting or traveling for a long period of time. The alliance also says it’s important if you’ve had surgery or you’re sick and confined to a bed to talk to your doctor about your options for preventing blood clots.

Know What’s Causing Your Spider Veins and What to do to Get Rid of Them

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Twisting, turning, discolored and uncomfortable – spider and varicose veins are a painful, and at the very least, uncomfortable condition that an estimated 30% to 60% of adults deal with – according to WebMD. There’s many ways you can develop spider and varicose veins, and they usually show up in your legs. 

Varicose veins are often painful, but not always. You can spot them as twisting and bulging veins deep in the skin that are a dark blue or purple color. You can normally find them in the legs, but spider veins you find in the legs and sometimes the face as well. Spider veins are similar to varicose veins – they can also be painful but they’re found much closer to the surface and they’re smaller. Spider veins are also usually red or blue rather than deep purple or blue.

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Causes 

Spider and varicose veins are caused by a number of things according to WebMD, including:

– Heredity
– Occupations that involve a lot of standing like: hair stylists, nurses, teachers, factory workers etc.
– Obesity
– Hormonal influences like pregnancy, puberty, and menopause
– The use of birth control pills
– Postmenopausal hormonal replacement
– A history of blood clots
– Conditions that cause increased pressure in the abdomen, such as tumors,constipation, and externally worn garments like girdles.

Symptoms of varicose and spider veins

When looking for spider and varicose veins the Mayo Clinic says you should look out for:

– Veins that are dark purple or blue in color (vericose)
– Veins that are close to the surface and are red, or blue in color
– Veins that appear twisted and bulging; often like cords on your legs

You might also experience pain, which can be described as:

– Ach, or heavy feeling in your legs
– Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
– Increased pain after sitting or standing for a long period of time
– An itch around your veins
– Bleeding from varicose veins
– Red discoloration of the skin, and pain in the vein

When in pain you might experience more serious symptoms like:

– Vein color changes
– A hardening of the vein
– Your skin might inflame
– And you could also develop ulcers near your ankle

All of these symptoms could point to a serious form of vascular disease like blood clot, and if you recognize these symptoms you need to see medical attention right away.

Treating varicose & spider veins

There’s not one right way to treat varicose and spider veins because it often depends on how, or why you developed them in the first place. But WebMD says some popular treatments include:

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– Losing weight
– Lifestyle changes like not wearing tight clothes, elevating your legs, and avoiding extended periods of standing or sitting 
– Sclerotherapy, which injects a detergent into the vein that eventually makes it disappear
– Laser treatment to make the vein disappear
– Radiofrequency occlusion which inserts a catheter into the vein that makes it collapse and disappear
– Surgical removal

Source: http://remedydaily.com/

5 Signs of Testicular Cancer Most Men Are too Embarrassed to Talk About (and 5 Signs it Has Spread)

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When talking about a testicular cancer, we have to admit that it is a very sensitive topic. It is estimated that about 8,720 men in the United States will be diagnosed with testicular cancer this year, and the average age of diagnosis is 33.

It is a fact that this may be an embarrassing topic for most people, but it is more common than you think. But, you have to be aware of its sneaky symptoms. The first symptom of testicular cancer is a change in the size or shape of one or both testicles. In some cases it does not cause pain.

According to many doctors, men between 15 and 40 years should regularly do a regular self-examination. This self-examination will help in the early detection and is especially important for those who have a history of un-descended testicles or familial history of testicular cancer.

Testicular Cancer Self Exam: Hold your penis out of the way and check one testicle at a time. Keep the testicle between your thumbs and fingers of both hands and roll it gently between your fingers, in order to find out if there are any hard lumps or smooth rounded bumps or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testicles.

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COMMON SYMPTOMS OF TESTICULAR CANCER:

  • A swelling and/or lump in one or both of the testes. You may or may not have pain in the testes or scrotum.
  • A heavy feeling in the scrotum.
  • A severe pain or feeling of pressure in the lower belly or groin.
  • Breast growth or soreness: In some cases germ cell tumors can make breasts grow or become sore. Some cell tumors can make estrogen. This can be the reason for breast growth or loss of sexual desire.
  • Early puberty in boys: Some cell tumors can make androgens (male sex hormones). Androgen-producing tumors may not lead to any specific symptoms in men, but in boys they can lead to puberty symptoms at an abnormally early age, such as a deepening voice and growth of facial and body hair.

Remember that it is normal for one testicle to be slightly larger when compared to the other, and for one to hang lower than the other.

SYMPTOMS OF ADVANCED TESTICULAR CANCER:

This implies to the fact that the cancer has spread beyond the testicles, and regional lymph nodes, to other organs. The symptoms can depend on the region it spreads too. Here are some of the symptoms of late-stage testicular cancer:

  • Severe pain in the lower back and belly: This is from the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes in the back of the belly.
  • Lack of energy, sweating without reason, fever, or a general feeling of illness.
  • Shortness of breath, coughing, or chest pain: In many cases, coughing up blood may develop from cancer spreading in the lungs.
  • Headache or confusion: From cancer spreading to the brain.
  • Belly Pain: It occurs either from enlarged lymph nodes, or because the cancer had spread to the liver.

Note: Many non-cancerous conditions, such as testicle injury or inflammation, can cause symptoms similar to those of testicular cancer. Inflammation of the testicle (orchitis) and inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) can lead to swelling and pain of the testicle. Viral orbacterial infections can be the reasons for this.

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TESTICULAR EXAMS AND TESTS:

  • Testicular Ultrasound: Before the testicle is removed, this test is used to rule out other possible causes of an enlarged, or a painful testicle.
  • Blood Tests: These are often done to measure the levels of the tum
    or markers in your blood:
  • Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP)
  • Beta Human Chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG)
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)
  • Imaging tests: Such as Chest-X-ray, and CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

The bright side of all this is that testicular cancer is one of the most curable forms of cancer, especially during its early stages. You have to perform self-exam once a month. If you feel like there is something unusual, you should consult with a doctor immediately.

Remember that it could be nothing, but it is always better to be safe than sorry.

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Source: http://www.mycentralhealth.com/

Know How to Spot Parkinson’s Disease by Paying Attention to These Signs…

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Parkinson’s is a progressive, debilitating nervous system disease that impairs movement and typically affects the elderly. WebMD explains that the disease usually begins to show between the ages of 50 and 65 and that it affects about 1 percent of the population of that age group. 

The disease often begins with small hand tremors and can progress to loss of movement and even cognitive issues. This disease is not curable, but today there are an array of medications that can help fight the symptoms, as well as physical therapy and even progressive surgeries.

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What causes Parkinson’s? 

The Mayo Clinic explains that the cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown, but that genetics and environmental factors can play a role. Researchers have studied certain gene mutations that might cause the disease, and certain toxins or environmental factors might play a part, but doctors admit it’s a small chance.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s

One of the most infamous early signs of Parkinson’s is a hand tremor. Stiffness and slowness are also common symptoms of the debilitating disease. The Mayo Clinic says other signs and symptoms include:

– Rigid muscles 
– Bad posture and balance
– Loss of automatic movements 
– Speech changes
– Writing changes, like poorer handwriting

The Mayo Clinic also says that, many times, symptoms start on one side, then move to the other. Often, the symptoms are worse on the side the disease first affected, even as it progresses.

Treating Parkinson’s

Parkinson’s can’t be cured, but modern medicine can often greatly improve the symptoms of the disease, including difficulty walking, impaired movement and tremors. A doctor might also prescribe physical therapy to help improve balance and stretching.

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Sometimes deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an option, according to the Mayo Clinic. This is a procedure where surgeons implant electrodes into the brain and connect them to a generator implanted in the chest. The DBS sends electrical pulses to the brain and can help reduce the symptoms of the disease. This is often an option for people who have advanced Parkinson’s, or who don’t respond to medication well.

Source: http://remedydaily.com/

The SILENT KILLER: Obesity What is it and How to Treat it With Home Remedies

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What is obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is greater than what’s considered healthy for his or her height.

Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active.

Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds.

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Facts about overweight and obesity

Some recent WHO global estimates follow.

  • In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older were overweight. Of these over 600 million adults were obese.
  • Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2014.
  • In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (38% of men and 40% of women) were overweight.
  • The worldwide prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1980 and 2014.

In 2014, an estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. In Africa, the number of children who are overweight or obese has nearly doubled from 5.4 million in 1990 to 10.6 million in 2014. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were overweight or obese in 2014 lived in Asia.

Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. Globally there are more people who are obese than underweight – this occurs in every region except parts of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

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What causes obesity and overweight?

The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Globally, there has been:

  • an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat; and
  • an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization.

Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.

How can overweight and obesity be reduced?

Overweight and obesity, as well as their related noncommunicable diseases, are largely preventable. Supportive environments and communities are fundamental in shaping people’s choices, by making the choice of healthier foods and regular physical activity the easiest choice (the choice that is the most accessible, available and affordable), and therefore preventing overweight and obesity.

At the individual level, people can:

  • limit energy intake from total fats and sugars;
  • increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; and
  • engage in regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for children and 150 minutes spread through the week for adults).

Individual responsibility can only have its full effect where people have access to a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, at the societal level it is important to support individuals in following the recommendations above, through sustained implementation of evidence based and population based policies that make regular physical activity and healthier dietary choices available, affordable and easily accessible to everyone, particularly to the poorest individuals. An example of such a policy is a tax on sugar sweetened beverages.

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The food industry can play a significant role in promoting healthy diets by:

  • reducing the fat, sugar and salt content of processed foods;
  • ensuring that healthy and nutritious choices are available and affordable to all consumers;
  • restricting marketing of foods high in sugars, salt and fats, especially those foods aimed at children and teenagers; and
  • ensuring the availability of healthy food choices and supporting regular physical activity practice in the workplace.
Lunch break
Lunch break

Home remedies for Obesity

1. Have lemon juice and honey in water

You can increase you metabolic rate in a very simple way- by just having lemon juice and honey mixed in a glass of water. This remedy really works and works fast.

You will need:

  • Water- 1 glass
  • Lemon juice- 2 teaspoons
  • Honey- 1 teaspoon

Directions:

  • Add lemon juice and honey to water
  • Mix well
  • Have this first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach.
  • Take this daily

You may even have this lemon juice- honey mix at night before going to bed. You may lose up to 8 pounds in a two week’s time with this remedy.

2. Try black pepper in lemon juice

While lemon juice with honey is perfectly fine as an obesity remedy, you may also include black pepper powder in it for an additional boost to your body’s metabolism. Here’s the recipe.

You’ll need:

  • Lukewarm water- 1 glass
  • Lemon juice- 4 teaspoon
  • Honey- 1 tsp

Directions:

  • Add pepper, lime juice and honey to lukewarm water.
  • Mix well.
  • Drink this daily once or twice.

Continue to have it for at least 2-3 months.

3. Sip detoxifying tea throughout the day

When you are up to lose your weight, you not only have to keep your digestive system intact and break down all accumulated fat of your body but also remove all the toxins from your body. When you get rid of the toxins, you allow all your body’s systems function to their full capacity, including metabolism. So, make this detox tea everyday in the morning and sip it hot or warm throughout the day.
You will need:

  • Cumin seeds- ½ tsp
  • Coriander seeds- ½ tsp
  • Fennel seeds- ½ tsp
  • Water- 4 cups
  • Thermos flask- 1

Directions:

  • In the morning, boil 4 cups of water.
  • Add cumin, coriander and fennel seeds to the boiling water.
  • Allow it to boil for about five more minutes.
  • Then strain the tea and store in thermos flask.
  • Now have this tea in small amounts all through the day. It should be tolerably hot or at least warm when you have it.

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Initially, you may take some time to adjust your taste buds to this tea and it may feel a little stronger to you. So, you may start your detox tea regime by adding ¼ tsp of each seed to your 4 cups of water and then about two weeks later, when you are used to the tea, make it half a teaspoon.

Sources: http://www.who.int/

http://www.rapidhomeremedies.com/

medlineplus.gov

 

 

How to Spot liver Failure and What to do For Treatment

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Liver failure is a serious, life-threatening condition that occurs when large parts of the liver are damaged so badly they cannot function properly.WebMD explains that liver failure most often happens gradually over many years (chronic liver failure), but there is a more rare form of the condition called acute liver failure that happens rapidly — sometimes in as quickly as 48 hours.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chronic liver disease kills more than 36,000 people a year in the United States, and an article in the Gastroenterology and Hepatology Journal says 2,000 to 2,300 people develop acute liver failure each year. While the conditions essentially cause the same reaction within the liver, chronic and acute liver failure can have different direct causes.

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Chronic Liver Failure

Chronic liver failure develops over a long period of time, and according to WebMD, the causes include:

– Hepatitis B
– Hepatitis C
– Alcohol consumption over a long period
– Cirrhosis of the liver
– Hemochromatosis (a disorder in which the body absorbs and stores too much iron)
– Malnutrition

Acute Liver Failure

Acute liver failure happens rapidly, sometimes over a period of just days. According to WebMD and the Mayo Clinic, the causes of acute liver failure include:

– Acetaminophen overdose
– Viruses, including hepatitis A, B and C (especially in children)
– Reactions to certain prescription and herbal medications
– Ingestion of poisonous wild mushrooms or other toxins
– Diseases of the veins in the liver, such as Budd-Chiari syndrome, that cause blockages  leading to acute liver failure
– Infrequently, rare metabolic diseases, such as Wilson’s disease and acute fatty liver of pregnancy
– Cancer

Symptoms of Liver Failure

WebMD says liver failure is often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms can be tied to many other conditions, so it’s important to understand the early symptoms:

– Nausea
– Loss of appetite
– Fatigue
– Diarrhea

But, as liver failure progresses, these symptoms become more serious and require medical attention. The symptoms to be on the lookout for are:

– Jaundice
– Bleeds easily
– Swollen abdomen
– Disorientation or confusion
– Sleepiness
– Coma

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Treatment

According to WebMD, the initial treatment for chronic liver failure treatment is usually to see which part and how much of the liver can be saved. But if very little is left functioning, a liver transplant would be required. Liver transplants are performed fairly often, and they are usually successful.

For someone with acute liver failure, it is a little different. The Mayo Clinic explains that someone who has overdosed with acetaminophen or been poisoned with toxins — like mushrooms — can often be treated with drugs that reverse liver failure. But if those don’t work, or when the acute liver failure can’t be reversed, a liver transplant would be required.

 Prevention

Preventing chronic and acute liver failure is different since the causes are different for each. When it comes to preventing chronic liver failure, it’s important to limit the risk of developing cirrhosis or hepatitis. WebMD says you can do this by:

– Get a hepatitis vaccine or an immunoglobulin shot to prevent hepatitis A or B.
– Eat a proper diet from all of the food groups.
– Drink alcohol in moderation.
– Avoid alcohol when you are taking acetaminophen (Tylenol).
– Use proper hygiene, and avoid other people’s body fluids.
– Don’t get a tattoo or a body piercing unless the conditions are sanitary and all equipment is aseptic (free of disease-causing microorganisms).
– Use protection (condoms) when having sex.
– Don’t share needles if you use illegal intravenous drugs.

When it comes to preventing acute liver failure, the Mayo Clinic says it’s important to:

– Follow instructions on medications to avoid overdose.
– Tell your doctor about all your medicines, because even over-the-counter and herbal medications can interfere with prescription drugs you’re taking.
– Drink alcohol in moderation.
– Don’t use drugs. And if you do, do not share needles.
– Get vaccinated for hepatitis A and B.
– Avoid contact with other people’s body fluids.
– Don’t eat wild mushrooms.
– Take care when using aerosol sprays. Make sure the room is ventilated, or wear a mask.
– Avoid getting toxins on your skin.
– Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity can cause a condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which may include fatty liver, hepatitis and cirrhosis.

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Source: http://remedydaily.com/

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